Human Trafficking Resources
Trafficking in human beings is a well organized and flourishing criminal activity in spite of the extensive international efforts to combat it. Global estimates on the number of trafficking victims vary because of the lack of reporting mechanisms but also due to the complex and clandestine nature of this crime. According to experts, the existing legal instruments do not address all the various facets of trafficking and a more holistic and comprehensive approach is needed to eradicate it, starting from the root causes of the problem to prosecution of traffickers.
ILO and UNICEF estimate that over one million children fall victims of trafficking throughout the world. Out of the roughly 20,000 people who are trafficked to the United States annually, 35-50% are thought to be children. It is also difficult to identify children who have been trafficked from other groups of migrating children. Trafficked children experience different types of abuse, depending on what sort of exploitation they are subjected to.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act, enacted in October 2000, defines "severe forms of trafficking in persons" as:
The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act was signed into law in January 2006.
Human Trafficking Resource Manuals